Valencia is one of the oldest cities in Spain. The influences of the city are taken from the Moors, Christians and the Romans. Founded in 138 BC as a Roman Colony it was a place for the soldiers to settle, this army was later destroyed in the war between Pompey and Sertorius. The lost ground was recovered in the first Century, and the urban growth had slowly begun.
In 554, the city gained importance after the invasion of Byzantine. In 625, the Byzantine were expelled, and the Visigothic military contingents were sent to Valencia to fortify the Roman amphitheater.
In 714 AD the city was invaded by the Moors and without even fighting, Valencia was surrendered to them. The Muslims began to show their dominion and converted the cathedral of Saint Vincent into a Mosque. The trading business started to boom and silk, leather, ceramics, silver, and glass were some of the things that were traded. In the year 1238, James the first of Aragon expelled the Moors from the city. More than 50,000 moors were forced to leave the town. After this event, a new society was formed and the Valencian people we know today are the generation of this community. The mosque was purified and converted back to a cathedral.
The Renaissance period:
The Renaissance period of Valencia was during the 14th and the 15th century; this period was considered as the Golden era, and the economy of the city flourished due to agriculture and maritime trade. A lot of symbolic buildings were constructed during this time. Some of them were the Valencia Cathedral, the Torres de Serrano, the Torres de Quart and Palau de la Generalitat. The regional government of Valencia now uses Palau de la Generalitat as its headquarters.
One of the first printing presses of the Iberian Peninsula was located in Valencia, and the printing started in the year 1473.
Modernism in Valencia:
When America was discovered, the Europeans were keen to expand their trade over the Atlantic. But the Valencians along with few others were not allowed to participate in the cross-Atlantic commerce; this created a severe loss in the economy of the city. The war of Spanish Succession in 1709 marked the end of the Kingdom of Valencia and the city sided with Charles of Austria. In the 18th century, the economy of the town slowly began to rise when silk and ceramic tiles were manufactured. In 1776, there was a significant improvement in agriculture and other industries.
Valencia remains to be the third most populated cities in Spain, and it is also third in the economy and industrial development. The First World War and the Second World War again affected the economy of Valencia, and only in the 1960s the town slowly started to regain its economy. Today the council of the city is governed by the People’s party of Spain and the mayor Rita Barberá Nolla.